kaikoura earthquake 2016

This report provides an assessment of the economic impact of the 2016 Kaikoura earthquake via disruption to horizontal infrastructure, household and government consumption and industry sectors, including tourism. The video, released by GNS Science on May 12, provides a unique view of the former hill now known as Seafront Slip. Much of the science and understanding that has been achieved from this event would not be without the help of local people. Thousands of people were affected with significant damage Ruptures occurred on multiple fault lines and our community was completely cut off from the rest of New Zealand. A tsunami followed the earthquake; at the time of the tsunami, the maximum run-up height was 6.9 metres above tide level. The Mw 7.8 November 14, 2016 Hanmer Springs Earthquake, Briefing No. The 2016 Kaikoura earthquake was a magnitude 7.8 (M w) earthquake in the South Island of New Zealand.It happened two minutes after midnight on 14 November 2016 NZDT (11:02 on 13 November UTC). I know that submarine landslides off of Kaikoura could trigger quite large Tsunami as well, so it isn't just the earthquakes people should be worried about. 1a). Users and managers of spatial data need to consider what impact (if any) the earthquake has had on existing data. This includes 9 GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System), 9 strong motion (measures really strong shaking), 2 short-period (for smaller shaking) and 1 repeater (information transfer). More than 200 landslides blocked rivers and generated landslide dams. A powerful earthquake has struck New Zealand near the ... Defence Minister Gerry Brownlee after flying over the coastal town of Kaikoura, ... Zealand's South Island, November 14, 2016. The impact on nature, the town, and the people was more than what anyone could have imagined. A powerful 7.8-magnitude earthquake recently struck New Zealand and lifted the seabed 6 feet upward. caused extensive coastal uplift, widespread landslides and landslide dams, as well as slow-slip 'silent' earthquakes. M 7.8 Kaikōura Mon, Nov 14 2016. Kaikōura businesses 'within 6-8 weeks of collapse', Radio NZ. 'It was just a freak thing' - Partner of Kaikoura earthquake victim, The New Zealand Herald. In one area, the uplift was a remarkable 5.5 meters (18 feet). All submissions will be reviewed and verified before they are added to the collections. The height was approximately 5.3 metres at Oaro; a survey team located various marine flora and fauna as far as 250 metres inland of the high tide mark. Out of the erosion zone - quake's unexpected boon, Radio NZ. Kekerengu Fault rupture displacing the road and house by ~10 metres. Gary Morton relives the night when he sat with the body of his partner, who died in the Kaikoura earthquake. In the city of Wellington, widespread damage occurred to buildings, many communities suffered power outages, and damage to docks impaired ferry traffic across Cook Strait. News & Views How complex is the 2016 M w 7.8 Kaikoura earthquake, South Island, New Zealand? (2017) that shows the locations of faults that ruptured to the ground surface. At: https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11751775New Zealand Earthquake Commission 2017, 'Update on Kaikoura earthquake claims,' 28 March 2017. The quake lasted approximately two minutes and was considered notable for the complexity of the ruptures involved. with modern instruments (research article). At: https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11747414The New Zealand Herald 2016, 'Tragic rescue: 100-year-old pulled from rubble after son killed in devastating quake,' The New Zealand Herald, 14 November 2016. The construction was Photo by Tim Little, Field measurements of offset fences (orange line). Since the Kaikoura Earthquake almost two weeks ago there has been a lot of comparison to the Canterbury Earthquake sequence. According to the Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences (GNS) in New Zealand, the earthquake epicenter was at 42.69 °S, 173.02 °E, about 90 km northeast of Christchurch, the 3rd largest city in New Zealand (Fig. Update on Kaikoura earthquake claims, New Zealand Earthquake Commission. The earthquake left coral and seabed exposed above the ocean in a matter of minutes. Due to the presence of steep slopes in areas of strong ground shaking over 10,000 landslides occurred in the wider regions of North Canterbury and Marlborough (research article). At the beginning of 2016, the priority focus was to complete the civic centre. 1, Risk Frontiers (PDF 480KB). This fifth briefing contains observations arising from a visit to Wellington and Blenheim. Coastal uplift from the massive Kaikōura earthquake may have saved the local council from having to spend millions of dollars protecting the town from erosion. 2, Risk Frontiers. To our people-focussed team of duty officers, technicians, app and website developers, public information specialist and scientists who have worked tirelessly and under the most stressful conditions: thank you for your dedicated work. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Centre of Excellence for Prescribed Burning, The Mw 7.8 14 November Hanmer Springs Earthquake, Briefing No. At: https://www.eqc.govt.nz/news/update-on-kaikoura-earthquake-claims, Amos J 2017, 'Kaikoura: 'Most complex quake ever studied,'' BBC News, 23 March 2017.Daly M 2017, 'Kaikoura Earthquake tsunami was as high as 7 metres at one spot,' stuff.co.nz, 28 March 2017. The Mw 7.8 November 14, 2016 Kaikoura Earthquake, Briefing No. GeoNet content is copyright GNS Science and is The Mw 7.8 14 November Hanmer Springs earthquake occurred on or near the interface between the Pacific Plate and the Australian plate. I wonder if they have triggered the warning alarms in Sumner? 5, Risk Frontiers (PDF 972KB). Kaikoura Earthquake tsunami was as high as 7 metres at one spot, stuff.co.nz. A review of the Kaikōura earthquake has revealed it generated an almost 7m tsunami and it was only luck that prevented it from causing more destruction. Our first consideration during an event like Kaikōura is for everyone impacted. Photo by Tim Little, One of Tim and Russ’s trenches (pink rectangles) was cut in half by movement on the Kekerengu Fault (red line. Photo by Julian Thomson, Bluff station. Kaikoura earthquake business claims reach $900 million, Insurance Council of New Zealand. The report acknowledges the following sources: Insurance Council of New Zealand 2017, 'Kaikoura earthquake business claims reach $900 million,' media release 1 February 2017. Several of the faults that ruptured were submarine and movement of the seafloor caused a tsunami along New Zealand’s east coast that was recorded on a number of sea level gauges (research article). The magnitude 7.8 Kaikoura earthquake that struck the South Island of New Zealand last November was the largest on-land recorded earthquake in the country's history. Kaikoura Earthquake and Tsunami: 14 November 2016 Post Event Report (National Emergency Management Agency response) Exercise Tangaroa post-exercise report. The 2016, moment magnitude 7.8, Kaikoura earthquake in New Zealand’s South Island generated some of the most complex surface ruptures ever observed. However, the driving mechanism for such earthquake rupture complexity remains partly unclear. Damaged buildings in Wellington: Nearly 50 earthquake-damaged buildings in Wellington have been inspected by engineers, with some likely to be closed for weeks or longer, and one may require demolition. If you have information you would like to contribute (documents, data and images), please click the button on the right to go to the submissions page. Some Kaikōura businesses are within six to eight weeks of collapse as visitor numbers dwindle, a new group set up to advocate for earthquake-affected traders and retailers says. The big earthquake that struck New Zealand last year may have been the most complex ever, say scientists. Photo by Laura Wallace. Insert CleverPhrase Here 13:25, 13 November 2016 (UTC) Merge with November 2016 New Zealand earthquakes Another aspect to consider is the type of coordinates for new data collected in the affected area; should they be consistent with existing pre-earthquake coordinates or do they need to reflect post-earthquake … After being rocked by a deadly 7.8-magnitude earthquake, a wave of powerful aftershocks, thousands are now stranded in a New Zealand town near the quake's epicenter. Science reporter Jamie Morton delved into the data to look at what we know so far. Attribution 3.0 New Zealand License. By February 2017, business insurance claims exceeded NZ$900 million, broken down as follows (correct 1 February 2017): Satellite imagery indicated that as a result of the earthquake: This incident was included in the Major Incidents Report 2016-17 (Australian Institute for Disaster Resilience, 2017). There was also a response from the Defence Forces of New Zealand, Australia, Canada, the United States and Japan which were coincidentially in New Zealand for the 75th anniversary celebrations of the Royal New Zealand Navy. The Elms Homestead in Kaikoura collapsed following the magnitude 7.5 earthquake at 12.02am, and rescuers spent hours searching for the three residents. Starting in Culverdon , 70km south of Kaikōura , the quake ripped across several fault … Slow-slip events describe the episodic slow release of energy (over days to months) that are often observed to occur on large faults where two tectonic plates meet. 13:52, 15 NOV 2016. about the Kaikōura aftershock sequence and forecast. Strong shaking was felt throughout New Zealandwith 15840 felt reports submitted to GeoNet (figure 1 below). Monday's 7.8 quake was bafflingly complex in some ways, but simple in others. This led to the closure of state highway routes and the main railway line (read here). The response included a New Zealand Fire Service Urban Search and Rescue squad. The M w 7.8 Kaikōura earthquake struck just after midnight on 14 November, with an epicenter ~20 … The number of earthquakes generally decrease over time in an aftershock sequence, with spikes of activity and occasional larger earthquakes. Huge slips caused by the 7.8 earthquake on November 14, 2016 blocked State Highway One north of Kaikoura. Further south of the Kaikōura region, north facing bays along Banks Peninsula were most affected by the tsunami. + 3 other earthquakes 20140201 Patches for events: Cook Strait, 17 July 2013 Lake Grassmere, 16 August 2013 20160701 Reverse patches Christchurch, 14 February 2016 20170601 Hybrid patch for Kaikoura 14 November 2016 Also, the GeoNet team have added 5 power and sensor upgrades at existing sites. Of these, Little Pigeon Bay experienced some inundation (research article). The earthquake rupture (movement on the faults) propagated south-west to north-east through the North Canterbury and Marlborough Fault areas- essentially "unzipping" along an approximately 180km length of the northeast coast of the South Island (Watching the M7.8 Kaikoura Quake Dominos Fall in Real Time). A powerful earthquake of moment magnitude (Mw) 7.8 occurred in the Kaikoura region, South Island, New Zealand, at 00:02:56 AM (local time), 14 November 2016. Shortly after midnight on 14 November 2016 a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck the South Island of New Zealand, 95 kilometres from Christchurch. landslides. And, thank you to the Ministry of Business, Innovation, and Employment, for helping us fund a large part of the science response to the Kaikōura earthquake. Along many parts of the coast the uplift was evident from decaying subtidal bull kelp (Durvillaea antarctica) on exposed rocky platforms. Jo-Anne Mackinnon died because of the Kaikoura earthquake. Read here for more information Land Information New Zealand (LINZ) and EQC have been providing us with funding to develop and sustain our GPS network. Live: 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes near Hanmer Springs in South Island - two killed, Kaikoura isolated, Wellington CBD damaged, The New Zealand Herald. The Kaikōura earthquake occurred in an area known as the Marlborough fault system (MFS). Landslide dam on the Hapuku River, looking downstream, Landslides at Ohau Point, north of Kaikoura blocking SH1. The majority of claims lodged are for building damage only (71%), 10% for building and contents, 9% contents only and 10% land damage. A large number of landslides occurred on the coastal cliffs starting just south from Cape Campbell, becoming more intense south of the Clarence River, with several larger (100,000 – 500,000 m3) Bottom right insert shows a map view of the slow slip areas. At: https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/90773348/kaikoura-earthquake-tsunami-was-as-high-as-7-metres-at-one-spotEvans K 2017, 'In the wake of the quake,' New Zealand Geographic 143: Jan - Feb 2017Howie C 2017, ''It was just a freak thing' - Partner of Kaikoura earthquake victim,' The New Zealand Herald, 6 May 2017. The report acknowledges the following sources: Insurance Council of New Zealand 2017, 'Kaikoura earthquake business claims reach $900 million,' media release 1 February 2017. The November 13, 2016 M 7.8 earthquake in North Canterbury, New Zealand, occurred as the result of shallow oblique-reverse faulting on or near the boundary between the Pacific and Australia plates in South Island, New Zealand. Thanks LINZ and EQC! Google Earth image showing the length of the South Island Coastline impacted by the Kaikoura earthquake and subsequent uplift Redlines show the faults. The rupture lasted nearly 2 minutes in total, and where the faults met the ground surface the ground was displaced, horizontally (sideways) and vertically (up-down) by up to 12 metres. On November 14, 2016, an earthquake measuring 7.8 magnitude on the Richter scale struck the northeastern Kaikoura region on the South Island of New Zealand.It produced more than 20 fault ruptures, with some 112 miles (180 kilometers) of surface ruptures. At: https://www.icnz.org.nz/media-resources/media-releases/single/item/kaikoura-earthquake-business-claims-reach-900-million/, Cape Campbell, in the north-east of the South Island, moved north-north-east by over two metres, rising almost a metre vertically, Kaikoura moved north-east by almost one metre, rising 70 centimetres, The east coast of the lower North Island moved up to five centimetres to the west, The Wellington region moved between two and six centimetres northwards. We acknowledge the people of Kaikōura, Hurunui, Marlborough and Wellington areas and thank all of the landowners who permitted our access to their land. Surveying at a coastal uplift site near Half Moon Bay, on the southern side of the Hope Fault, uplift here is 2.1 – 2.4 m. Earthquake geologists from GNS Science and marine biologists from University of Canterbury surveying coastal uplift. Kaikoura Earthquake Nov 14th 2016 Just after midnight on the 14th of November 2016 Kaikoura was hit by a magnitude 7.8 earthquake that has been described as the most complex ever studied. Near Okiwi Bay, the team were surveying the elevation of the pre-earthquake low tide mark using two surveying techniques. Potential for future damaging earthquakes in New Zealand: Geonet and GNS Science have developed a set of maps of probability of damaging shaking for a series of three MMI intensity levels in the next 30 days. to transportation networks and other lifeline utilities as well as disruption to the agriculture and tourism At: https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=11848670The New Zealand Herald 2016, 'Live: 7.5 magnitude earthquake strikes near Hanmer Springs in South Island - two killed, Kaikoura isolated, Wellington CBD damaged,' The New Zealand Herald, 14 November 2016. The USGS operates a 24/7 National Earthquake Information Center in Colorado that can be reached for more information at (303) 273-8500. The Insurance Council of New Zealand announced today that private insurers have received business claims valued at more than $900 million from the 14 November 2016 Kaikoura earthquake. 3, Risk Frontiers. Christchurch, Wellington, North Canterbury and Marlborough are the top locations for claims lodged. ... media caption The earthquake caused damage in Kaikoura and Culverden. Serious damage to road and rail infrastructure was also experienced with repairs projected to take up to a year. The tsunami that followed the Kaikoura Earthquake reached a peak height of about 7 metres, researchers have confirmed. The earthquake was the most powerful in the North Canterbury area in over 150 years and is one of the most complex earthquakes ever recorded The epicentre where shaking started was about 15 kilometres (9 mi) north-east of Culverden and 60 kilometres (37 mi) south-west of the tourist town of Kaikoura. The Kaikōura Earthquake was better documented and measured than any natural event in our history. Kaikoura building settlements almost complete: EQC, Insurance News. A detailed map of active faults in the northeast South Island, from Stirling et al. Photo by Kate Clark. On November 14th 2016, the earthquake hit, rattling Culverdon through to Seddon. The slow slip events we most commonly observe in New Zealand occur on the Hikurangi subduction zone, 15,840 Felt Rapid Reports were submitted online in the first hour and our website took a massive 250 million hits in 24 hours (peaking at 35,000 hits per second). M 7.8 - 54km NNE of Amberley, New Zealand, USGS Earthquake Hazards Program. The Kaikoura Mw7.8 earthquake struck at 12.03 am local time on 14th November 2016 (UTC: 11.03 am 13th November 2016) – a shallow (15 km) magnitude 7.8 earthquake (Mw), with an epicentre located near Waiau in North Canterbury (Kaiser et al, 2017), and strongly shook the North Canterbury and Marlborough regions of NZ. Powerful Earthquake Jolted New Zealand Seabed 6 Feet Upward, Forbes. Strong aftershocks have struck New Zealand after a 7.8-magnitude earthquake killed two people. These slow slip events following the Kaikoura earthquake released a large amount of built-up tectonic energy and lasted over the weeks and months following the earthquake. Uplifted coastal platform and bull kelp (_Durvillaea antarctica_). Aftershocks have continued to rumble through the night. Attribution 3.0 New Zealand License, Hikurangi Subduction Earthquakes and Slip Behaviour, Earthquake Faults in the north section of this fault system (the Awatere, Clarence and Wairau) have slip rates of ~4 to 8mm/yr, while the Hope and Kekerengu faults slip at rates of 20 mm/yr or more. EQC has received around 38,000 residential claims for damage caused by the 14 November Kaikoura earthquake. Seismologists offer detailed look at New Zealand's Kaikoura earthquake, ScienceDaily. Kaikoura District Council Annual Report 2016/2017 10 Impact of the 7.8 earthquake 2016/2017 has proved to be a demanding year as our small community faced significant challenges. (Click for a bigger map.). Tragic rescue: 100-year-old pulled from rubble after son killed in devastating quake, The New Zealand Herald. The Mw 7.8 November 14, 2016 Kaikoura Earthquake, Briefing No. Strong aftershocks and looming severe weather hamper efforts to reach communities stranded by disaster. Surface rupture along the Papatea Fault. The New Zealand Earthquake Commission had received around 38,000 residential claims for damage caused by March 2017. which is the North Island’s major plate boundary, where the Pacific Plate dives or "subducts" beneath the North Island (Hikurangi Subduction Earthquakes and Slip Behaviour). Kaikoura - a very different earthquake, Earthquake Commission. By combining 2016 coseismic slip partitioning, large-scale fault kinematics, volcanism propagation, seismicity, and slab geometry, we … Economic impact of the 2016 Kaikoura earthquake, New Zealand Ministry of Transport. Information about emergencies, disasters and disaster resilience comes from many sources. industries (research article, research article). The Kaikoura earthquake has had a devastating and on-going effect on Kaikoura. At: https://www.icnz.org.nz/media-resources/media-releases/single/item/kaikoura-earthquake-business-claims-reach-900-million/Morton J 2016, 'The Big Read: Unravelling the quirks of the Kaikoura Earthquakes,' The New Zealand Herald, 21 November 2016. GeoNet is a collaboration between the Earthquake The Kaikoura earthquake shook New Zealand. The Marlborough fault system ( MFS ) effect on Kaikoura 5.5 meters ( 18 )! 7.8 quake was bafflingly complex in some ways, but simple in others ruptures on... Worst hit towns was Kaikoura, which lies close to the closure of state Highway one north of Kaikoura SH1... Above the ocean in a matter of minutes on May 12, provides a unique view of more... 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