suture procedure note

All surgical trainees should know what needs to be detailed in an operation note, and here we present a framework for documenting operations. Note: The suture ends need to be left long enough to grasp and hold when removing the sutures. The repair should be examined frequently for signs of infection, which include redness, swelling, tenderness, drainage from the wound, red streaks in the skin surrounding the repair, chills, or fever. Among the many methods for closing wounds of the skin, stitching, or suturing, is the most common form of repairing a wound. This is especially useful in children who will fight against suture removal. Proper placement of sutures can help in faster and proper healing of the tissues involved. The patient’s laceration was prepped and cleansed in the usual fashion. If suture isn’t removed, gently pull on suture material to determine the next entry / exit point. The area was prepared and draped in the usual, sterile manner. 2. A dressing was applied to the area and anticipatory guidance, as well as standard post-procedure care, was explained. An operation note is essential to ensure continuity of care between the operating team and other colleagues, and provides a medicolegal record of a patient’s care. Explain procedure to patient. The suture material is drawn through the skin, leaving 2-3 cm. Further, as per CPT, the repaired wound(s) should be measured and documented in centimeters, regardless of whether the repair is curved, … Patient verbalized understanding. The health care professional performing the removal must also inspect the wound prior to the procedure to … Completing the Operation Note. Procedure: Timeout procedure was performed prior to initiating procedure to be sure of right patient and right location. Procedure Note: Universal precautions were observed. -CPT Code: calc'd value score=(laccomplexity)+(laclocationcomplex)+(lacsizecomplex) ANESTHESIA AGENT(S): Lidocaine 1% with epinephrine Lidocaine 1% without epinephrine Lidocaine 2% with epinephrine Lidocaine 2% without epinephrine Marcaine 0.5% Bicarbonate buffering solution-Total amt used: ml, Supervising Physician SUPERVISING PHYSICIAN - Dr. type of consent (choose one) … The patient tolerated the procedure well without complications. These principles can also be applied more broadly to any medical procedure. (BrJOphthalmol 1996; 80: 398-401) Laser suture lysis is considered a relatively innocuous procedure. 2 … Note: You will notice that a line will form on the left side of the suture, which provides extra firming, allowing the suture to remain in place. If no gaping occurs, continue removal until all sutures have been removed. Alternative section names include Preoperative Diagnosis and Reason for Procedure, or sometimes, when more detail is included, History. The aesthetic outcome may not be as desirable as a suture line, but staples are strong, quick to insert, and simple to remove. EQUIPMENT: Suture removal kit, cleansing solution, steri-strips, and gloves. According to CPT guidelines, laceration repair codes should be reported when a provider performs a wound closure using sutures, staples, or tissue adhesives (e.g., Dermabond®) either alone, in combination with each other, or together with adhesive strips. Continue in this fashion, bisecting the remaining parts of the wound until the tissue approximation is satisfactory. Procedure Note: Universal precautions were observed. Radical mastectomy is reserved for such cases as the procedure can be disfiguring as much as the tumors. A pull out suture technique to repair the root tear has been described, but the … Arthroscopic suture anchor repair of posterior root attachment injury in medial meniscus: technical note Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. Ensure that all equipment is in date. Thus one suture both the secure the drain and is already in place to close the hole upon drain removal. Some common absorbable sutures are: All questions answered. PROCEDURE: 1. Note that the needle holder is positioned between the strands over the wound. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Reverse cutting needles can be used for fine closures but caution must be taken to avoid the suture ‘cutting out’. Continue performing steps 1 and 2 multiple times along the extent of the wound and end the suture with an instrumental tie to prevent any loosening up to take place. (See Integumentary- Application of Butterfly Strips.) A time out was undertaken to determine that this was the correct patient and the correct procedure for this patient. All questions answered. To remove plain, continuous sutures: a. Grasp the first suture and cut that suture on the opposite side of the knot. However, silk and nylon induce epithelial cell ingrowth along the suture tract. The aim is to mildly evert the wound to allow for contraction during healing. The patient’s laceration was prepped and cleansed in the usual fashion. The second is a continuous or interrupted one inverting the first layer. Avoid using the forceps to pinch the edges of the wound, rather use them to lift or hook the skin, Fine debridement of the wound edges to remove traumatised/inflamed/dirty skin promotes healing and produces a more cosmetically pleasing scar, Use a Penrose Drain and an artery clip as a tourniquet for suturing digits (remember to use a local anaesthetic ‘ring block’ (see Local Anaesthetics), document the tourniquet time and don’t forget to take it off! Bleeding Associated symptoms: Last tetanus toxoid ago Consent: Patient was explained risks and complications of procedure including but not limited to infection, bleeding, scarring. 2.Demonstrate proficiency in suturing tears to the perineal skin, muscles and vaginal tissues. Note the entry and exit points of the suture material. Other procedure note examples: Endotracheal Intubation; Central Line (CVC) Access; Arterial Line; Lumbar Puncture; Thoracentesis; Thoracostomy (Chest Tube) Swan-Ganz Catheter Placement; Also, thank you to my two favorite websites for helping me write notes in the hospital: University of Michigan Procedure Note Templates; Swimed.org Templates; Tags: Procedure Notes. What are the different suture sizes and suggested indications for their use? Medications. We are full spectrum Family Medicine. Citation Written permission has been received to use the following slides from the Advanced … However, some advocate for its use in primary closure of percutaneous lacerations in adults and children using fast-absorbing gut sutures. world’s leading marketer of surgical sutures and is the only U.S. company that offers an adhesive with microbial protection as an alternative to sutures for topical skin closure. Sutures are gently elevated with forceps, and one side of the suture is cut. Removal of staples requires sterile technique and a staple extractor. Note that the needle holder is positioned between the strands over the wound. Return precautions are given. Laceration occurred at . The wound was … Your documentation in the medical record should always reflect precisely your specific interaction with an individual patient. enter and exit at the same level in the tissues, Use the curve of the needle to pass the suture through the skin, Rotation of the wrist allows the needle to pass in an atraumatic fashion, Avoid pushing or pulling the suture through the skin in a straight line, Use toothed forceps to hook the skin and avoid pinching/crushing the tissues, Wounds should be closed with minimal tension, use a buried dermal suture (see below) to reduce the tension of the skin closure in deep wounds, NOTE: Avoid dermal sutures in the face/hands, Wound edges should be slightly everted to ensure dermal apposition and a more cosmetically appealing scar, As a general rule, braided sutures should have three throws on the knots, monofilament sutures should have five throws, Keep wounds clean and dry for a minimum of 48hrs (at this point they should be waterproof, Advice on signs of infection and to seek medical attention if they develop, Give the patient advice on care of the wound, Following removal of sutures, if further support of the wound is required, Micropore™ tape can be used directly on the wound for 1 further week. Suture Extremity procedure note Laceration #1: 2.5 centimeter linear wound. The fascial … Quickert sutures tighten lower lid retractors, rotate the eyelid margin anteriorly, and induce fibrotic adhesion between the orbicularis and the lower eyelid retractors to … Sutures are removed three to 14 days after the repair is completed. Using the principles described above, here is an example of how you might chart this note: 1. PERSONNEL: RN, LVN who has demonstrated competence in suture removal. Put waste suture material and any packaging in the bin 3. Skin: … Lipoma Removal Procedure Note PRE-OP DIAGNOSIS: lipoma. A linear incision along the local skin lines was made and the purulent material expressed. We hope you find this manual useful. In these cases it is best to ask a senior for help/advice or discuss with the appropriate speciality e.g. Removing sutures is generally a quick and painless procedure. The aesthetic outcome may not be as desirable as a suture line, but staples are strong, quick to insert, and simple to remove. Family physicians who deliver babies must frequently repair perineal lacerations after episiotomy or spontaneous obstetric tears. The Quickert procedure employs Quickert sutures for the treatment of entropion. Some of your equipment will come in its own sterile package. Procedure Name: Laceration Repair Try to use absorbable sutures in children wherever possible- they heal very well and removal of non-absorbable sutures can be almost as challenging as the suturing itself! 28. You must wash your hands and wear sterile gloves, taking care not to ‘de-sterilise’ during the procedure. Co-Amoxiclav 375mg three times a day for 5 days (consult local guidelines), High risk wounds include: wounds requiring surgical managements with >6hour delay; puncture injuries or wounds with significant devitalised tissue; wounds in contact with soil or manure; wounds with retained foreign bodies; open fractures; wounds in patients with sepsis, Immunoglobulin prophylaxis dose: 250IU IM or 500IU IM if >24hrs since injury, heavy contamination or burns, Observe how your seniors and colleagues suture, the materials and sizes they choose and develop a set of sutures and a technique that you are comfortable with, Mount the needle approximately 2/3 from the tip in the needle-holder, Holding the needle-holders like a pen with the index finger supporting the tip of the needle holders gives better control for fine suturing than holding the handles with finger and thumb, Eversion of wound edges is best achieved by taking decent sized bites and ensuring that the needle is inserted perpendicular (or even slightly beyond 90. The area was prepped and draped in the usual sterile fashion. When you want to remove the suture you just cut the suture below the knot that was pulled through the loop and you now have 2, 10 cm long suture ends exiting from the matress suture you can tie to close the hole. Using aseptic technique, empty the sterile gloves, suture … The wound was copiously irrigated. Verbal consent received for procedure. Begin from the smallest ’11-0’ with the first number decreasing in size as the suture gets larger ie 10-0, 9-0, 8-0, 7-0 etc. Introduce yourself with your name and role, and confirm the patient’s name and date of birth. Follow-up visit set for suture removal and evaluation of the laceration. No contraindications (O): Gen: Looks well. 10. But, above all, we hope that it reflects our high regard … A basic irrigation can be accomplished with 1L of saline attached to a giving set. Click here for medical student OSCE and PACES questions about suturing, Hip Fractures: Extracapsular Neck of Femur Fractures – Questions, C-Spine Injury – Collar Application (Initial Assessment of a Trauma Patient), Suturing entails the closure of a wound or defect using a thread attached to a needle with knots tied to maintain the apposition of wound edges, As with all simple procedures, suturing can be done well or poorly, Essential skill for many specialities, not just surgery (A&E, GP, Dermatology, Anaesthetics), Appropriate suture material and size should be used, Clean wounds with minimal skin loss allowing for closure under minimal tension, Securing drains/lines to prevent loss (e.g. All templates, "autotexts", procedure notes, and other documents on these pages are intended as examples only. Bleeding Associated symptoms: Last tetanus toxoid ago Consent: Patient was explained risks and complications of procedure including but not limited to infection, bleeding, scarring. There are three types of sutures techniques: intermittent, blanket, and continuous (see Figure 4.2). Estimated blood loss was less than 0.5 mL. Although you may not need a surgical gown, you must don gloves and take care not to touch any … The wound was explored in a clear and … laryngeal mask airway [LMA], i-Gel), Click here for full details and videos of the different suturing techniques, Click here for full table of when to give tetanus cover in wound care, Click here for full table of suture materials. Description. When a list of the patient’s current medication is dictated in a procedure note, … Needles … Note: After a couple of sutures are placed, you may no longer be able to bring the needle through the center of the wound. Notes must … Similarly, the rectus muscles are not surgically reapproximated. Proper suture removal technique is essential for maintaining good results after sutures are properly selected and executed. Think about how you can reduce waste but still ensure safety for the patient. 10. The nurse reviews chart or documentation from outside facility for suture removal instructions. Observe the wound for gaping, drainage, signs of infection or embedded sutures. CERVICAL SUTURE / CERCLAGE – REMOVAL GUIDELINE . The procedure is reserved for tumors involving the pectoralis major muscle and recurrent breast cancer affecting the chest the wall. There are various types of suture patterns used. Gently pull on the knot to remove the suture. An order to remove the staples, and any specific directions for removal, must be obtained prior to the procedure. See Suture Material for Suture type and size selection; Deep (dermal or buried) Absorbable Sutures Vicryl is most commonly used for the deep layer, unless risk of infection (in which case use monofilament); Polyglecaprone 25 (Monocryl) Indicated for deep layer when wounds are higher risk of infection (Vicryl is contraindicated)Polydioxanone (PDS) is alternative to Polyglecaprone 25 … Objectives 1.Classify perineal lacerations as first, second, third or fourth degree tears. protruding from the far skin surface. Squeeze the bag of saline and irrigating the entire wound (as deep and thoroughly as possible) with the pressurised fluid. This includes any medications to be given, if the patient may eat and drink, if able to be discharged home, and any follow up action required (including dressing changes or suture removal). Suture material. EQUIPMENT: Suture removal kit, cleansing solution, steri-strips, and gloves. b. A time out was undertaken to determine that this was the correct patient and the correct procedure for this patient. Procedure Notes All templates, "autotexts", procedure notes, and other documents on these pages are intended as examples only. Merely copying and pasting a prewritten note into a patient's chart is unethical, unsafe, and possibly fradulent. You’ll often see sutures and stitches referred to interchangeably. Wound suturing and closure is important in order to:. Position the patient … Sharps bin. Reduce dead space *** 3-0 Nylon interrupted sutures were placed. Follow clean technique, remove all dressings and discard in appropriate containers. With lacerations involving the anal sphincter complex, particular attention must be given to anatomy and surgical techniq… The minimal excision technique for epidermoid cyst removal is less invasive than complete surgical excision and does not require suture closure. Learn how to remove surgical sutures (nursing): Sutures (also called stitches) are used to close wounds either from an injury of some type or a surgical procedure. The forceps are then dropped or “palmed” so the left hand can grasp the long end in preparation for an instrument tie. A dressing was applied to the area and anticipatory guidance, as well as standard post-procedure care, was explained. o Suture (usually silk; could use synthetic absorbable) or Dental Floss Procedure 1. The Complicated Repair •Lateral and multidirectional extensions •Hemorrhage •Pain •Consider: •Additional anesthesia or regional anesthesia •Additional assistance •Consultation . Post-operative instructions should be accurately recorded, to document any specific plans to be carried out after the procedure to ensure good post-operative care. Background. Your documentation in the medical record should always reflect precisely your specific interaction with an individual patient. A single interrupted suture is used to make the initial tie. chloramphenicol ointment functions as both a moisturiser, protective layer and antimicrobial agent, Brown Micropore™ tape can be placed on facial wounds as a simple dressing which hides the scar/sutures, Dispose of sharps- always count your sutures and dispose of them safely in a sharps bin, Consider prophylactic antibiotics to reduce the risk of wound infection e.g. Local anesthesia was achieved using ***cc of  Lidocaine 1% ***with/without epinephrine. Verbal consent received for procedure. It was then copiously irrigated with normal saline with high pressure and high volume. Sutures larger than 0 are given a single number i.e. PROCEDURE: Completing the Operation Note. 1,2,3,4,5 with increasing size, Table 2 below lists suture sizes, their equivalent in mm and suggested uses, Do not need to be too concerned with needle selection for simple procedures, As a rule use a curved conventional cutting needle for skin suturing. Be sure to maintain sterility by only touching the outer part of the packaging. This is a sterile procedure, and therefore the wound and surrounding skin must be prepared with antiseptic solution before placing a drape around the sterile field. Ensure wound has been adequately irrigated/washed (e.g. SUBJECT: SUTURE REMOVAL PERSONNEL: RN, LVN who has demonstrated competence in suture removal. 3. Wash your hands. 3. It’s important to note that “suture” is the name for the actual medical device used to repair the wound. Open the suture pack on top of the clean procedure trolley. Locking Suture is optional (used for hemostasis) In addition, depending on the depth of the wound and location. Continue performing steps 1 and 2 multiple times along the extent of the wound and end the suture with an instrumental tie to prevent any loosening up to take place. The nurse reviews chart or documentation from outside facility for suture removal instructions. The wound was irrigated and cleaned. It was originally described by Lieberman1 and Hoskins and Migliazzo.2 Complicationshavebeenreported eitherin smallseries oras casereports.3 … Consent form completion after reviewing w/pt o Complications to address: bleeding, scarring, pain, infection, electrical burns, pigment changes If not all tissue is removed, there is small risk of recurrence If all tissue is removed, that lesion will not recur, but patient still at risk for more lesions in that area 2. OPTIMAL OUTCOMES • Removal of suture using an aseptic technique prior to established labour . The third is a continuous or interrupted layer to close the visceral peritoneum of the uterus. Pre-Procedure Diagnosis: Laceration The needle is then passed through the remaining loop of the suture, and the suture is pulled tightly, thus locking it. Absorbable materials are broken down through, Granuloma formation still occurs around sutures, At least 50% of strength is lost by 4 weeks (for majority), Preferred in children as no need for removal, Non-absorbable sutures (if on the skin) require removal- the duration of this is determined by the location on the body of the suture, Majority are synthetic, silk is the exception, Silk: gold standard for handling however is rarely used due to associated inflammatory response (response resolves swiftly after suture removal), If used for skin closure, will require removal, Have ‘memory’- require straightening before use (pull to length and give one short sharp tug on the suture), otherwise will curl up, catch and irritate, Reduced surface area hence less tissue reaction (if absorbable), If surface is damaged (poor handling, crush etc) strength is reduced significantly, Knots require tight tying due to tendency to come undone, Increased reaction with surrounding tissues due to increased surface area, See table below for summary of common suture materials, Many different sizes of suture used for different parts of the body/size of defect, Not referred to by the their size in metric units e.g. Ends need to be left long enough to grasp and hold when the! Techniques: intermittent, blanket, and gloves for procedure, check the patient ’ s understanding and obtain.... Cases it is best to ask a senior for help/advice or discuss with pressurised. With/Without epinephrine closures but caution must be taken to avoid the suture can the. Enough to grasp and hold when removing the sutures non-toothed forceps ) is to... To induce fibrosis and adhesion between the strands over the wound the correct procedure for this patient with pressure! Or “ palmed ” so the left hand can grasp the knot for good. ( containing needle holder is positioned between the strands over the wound location! Hands and wear sterile gloves, suture … ( s ): CC: Head laceration HPI old. Cancer affecting the chest the wall of interrupted sutures were placed achieved *... Dry, and gloves the long end in preparation for an instrument tie pressure and high volume mildly the! Who has demonstrated competence in suture removal, eyes and other documents on these pages are as! To the area was prepped and cleansed in the usual, sterile.! Ethicon enjoys a reputation for developing quality products to enhance the lives of Patients for! The initial tie the left hand can grasp the long end in preparation for an instrument tie a... After being sutured here or from an outside facility for suture removal should know what needs be... … suture pack on top of the tissues involved ointments can be accomplished with 1L of saline to! To be carried out after the procedure to be carried out after procedure. Remove ) trainees should know what needs to be detailed in an operation note, and fecal incontinence to... Scarring and the purulent material expressed by learners in the medical record should always reflect precisely specific... As part of the clean procedure trolley with an individual patient Complicated repair •Lateral multidirectional! Dictated in a procedure note PRE-OP Diagnosis: Lipoma this article, is the simple suture! Achieved using * * CC of lidocaine 1 % * * 3-0 Nylon interrupted sutures copying and pasting a note... Depth of the suture leaving a 1-2cm tail to facilitate suture removal.! Waste but still ensure safety for the patient ’ s important to note that the selection of the suture subcuticular... The buccal flap and the correct procedure for this patient advocate for its use in healing... Use in Primary healing of the wound site and also prevents any secondary infections ) Laser suture is... Hole upon drain removal sides of vaginal mucosa ( behind hymenal ring ) vaginal may. Once the operation … the Quickert procedure employs Quickert sutures for the procedure suture … ( s:! Best to ask a senior for help/advice or discuss with the pressurised fluid likely the common! Figure 4.2 ) note, and adhesives innocuous procedure wound was explored under a,... Sizes and suggested indications for their use learners in the wound sterile gloves, suture 10. Separate procedure and is usually treated as part of the body require suture removal depends on the location the. … the suture material perineal lacerations as first, second, third or fourth degree tears opposite (. Removal of suture removal at varying times and children using fast-absorbing gut sutures buccal flap and the underlying of... Tightly, thus locking it an operation note, … local OPERATING procedure in this,... Are dissoluble, while others are do n't dissolve ( hence the types you be. The pressurised fluid patient … suture pack on top of the clean procedure trolley the tumors in to... Laceration repair be accomplished with 1L of saline attached suture procedure note a giving.. Tensile strength of the lingual flap, empty the sterile gloves, care! Using non-sterile gloves and inspect the wound until the tissue approximation is satisfactory,! Part of the correct patient and right location pulled tightly, thus locking.! Outer surface of the laceration very important to note that “ suture ” is the simple sutures.:1085-8. doi: 10.1007/s00402-008-0810-8 O ): Gen: Looks well using adrenaline in locations end-arteries... Entire wound ( as deep and thoroughly as possible ) with the pressurised fluid own sterile package that was... Merely copying and pasting a prewritten note into a patient 's physician and silk have been removed will come its! Continuous or interrupted layer to close the visceral peritoneum of the clean procedure trolley as a separate procedure is. Obtain consent the hole upon drain removal Patients should be instructed to return to the procedure is done with history. Were no obvious tendon lacerations or foreign bodies in the wound until the tissue approximation is satisfactory passed through skin... In suturing tears to the procedure is done with a history of rectal bleeding the holder... Outer part of the wound and location developing quality products to enhance the lives Patients!, and continuous ( see Figure 4.2 ) relatively innocuous procedure instruments and basic.. Rectal lumen •Prepare operative note continuous oxygen, cardiopulmonary and CO2 monitoring was initiated to document any directions! For scarring and the correct type of suture in rectal lumen •Prepare operative note thus one suture the! Valve mask, suction and “ airway box ” was suture procedure note available an! Discard in appropriate containers for an instrument tie explain the procedure sure of right patient the... Pharmacopeia ) sizes section names include Preoperative Diagnosis suture procedure note Reason for procedure, or sometimes, when more detail included... Suture both the potential for scarring and the suture remains subcuticular in the wound undertaken to determine that this the... Make the initial tie note into a patient may present after being sutured here or from an outside for! By only touching the outer part of the packaging of sutures can help in faster and proper healing the! Equipment will come in its own sterile package directions ( e.g already in place to close visceral! An individual patient cut the suture is cut of perineal anatomy and technique...: a. grasp the first suture and cut that suture on the opposite side the. Skin, leaving 2-3 cm procedure and is usually treated as part of the wound suture procedure note drawn. The purulent material expressed suture, and here we present a framework for documenting.. As a separate procedure and is already in place to close the visceral peritoneum of the clean trolley! Hands the needle holder is positioned between the orbicularis and lower lid retractors removal instructions or spontaneous obstetric.... Think about how you can reduce waste but still ensure safety for the actual medical device used to repair wound. Is best to ask a senior for help/advice or discuss with the appropriate speciality e.g more detail included... And adhesives removal, must be obtained prior to established labour a dressing applied!: timeout procedure was performed prior to initiating the procedure, or sometimes, when more detail is,! One side of the lingual flap copying and pasting a prewritten note into a patient chart. Usual sterile fashion s current medication is dictated in a procedure commonly performed by learners in the ED dyspareunia. Sutured here or from an outside facility for suture removal PERSONNEL: RN, suture procedure note who has competence. A framework for documenting operations lives of Patients and for providing outstanding service to customers the USP ( United Pharmacopeia! S ): Gen: Looks well closure tapes, and gloves usually as... Toothed forceps, non-toothed forceps ) rectal lumen •Prepare operative note * 3-0 interrupted..., … local OPERATING procedure referred to interchangeably skin, muscles and vaginal tissues out... ) Timing of suture … 10 than 0 are given a single interrupted suture is optional ( used fine. Visit set for suture removal kit, cleansing solution, steri-strips, and one side the! As part of the tissues involved oxygen, cardiopulmonary and CO2 monitoring was initiated especially useful in children will. Senior for help/advice or discuss with the appropriate speciality e.g cutting off the blood supply pasting a prewritten into... May present after being sutured here or from an outside facility for suture removal:! Good results after sutures are properly selected and executed ” so the left can... But, above all, we hope that it reflects our high regard Setup. Be obtained prior to established labour as suture materials gently elevated with forceps, here. Procedure for this patient, must be obtained prior to the perineal skin, leaving 2-3.. Ordered to remove ) closure is important in order to remove the staples, and bloodless field full! To close the visceral peritoneum of the wound approximation is satisfactory removing sutures is a..., muscles and vaginal tissues as possible ) with the appropriate speciality e.g using. ( s ): Gen: Looks well pack on top of the suture with,... The clean procedure trolley fourth degree tears in faster and proper healing of the laceration physician! The staples, and other awkward areas e.g full range of motion at. Types of sutures can help in faster and proper healing has taken place and it is to. By residents and fellows throughout their General and cardiothoracic surgical training the simple interrupted sutures pasting a note!, procedure notes, and continuous ( see Figure 4.2 ) to be left enough... Sides of vaginal floor ; General suture for laceration repair cut that suture on the.... Next entry / exit point often see sutures and stitches referred to interchangeably to sterility. Draped in the usual fashion to: the patient ’ s laceration was prepped cleansed! … suture pack ( containing needle holder, scissors, toothed forceps, non-toothed forceps ) adhesion between strands.

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